5 risk factors for cardiovascular diseases

The number of people having cardiovascular diseases is increasing in this world. This is mainly due to our food habits and lifestyle. There are lots of ways you can reduce the chances of having a heart attack or stroke. Here are the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

High cholesterol

Cholesterol is found in the blood. If you have too much cholesterol, then in increases the chance of having cardiovascular diseases. Atheroma can build up in your artery walls and stop the blood from reaching the heart and other parts of the body. When atheroma breaks off, it forms a blood clot and blocks the blood supply to the heart or brain causing either a heart attack or a stroke. You must do a health checkup to find out your cholesterol level after the age of 40.

Weight

If you are overweight, then you have more chances of having cardiovascular disease. You should calculate your body mass to know if you are overweight or not. If you have a BMI of 25 or more, then you are overweight and if it’s 30 or more then you will be classified as obese. If you have too much weight around your waist, it also increases the chance of cardiovascular diseases.

Type 2 diabetes

You will have diabetes if the amount of glucose is high in your blood. This also puts you at the risk of having cardiovascular diseases. You must control your blood sugar level.

High blood pressure

Having high blood pressure increases the risk of having cardiovascular diseases. It can cause damage to your arteries and increase the chances of having a stroke or heart attack. If not treated, your heart may become large and may become less effective in pumping blood. This may cause heart failure.

Smoking

Smokers are at risk of having cardiovascular diseases. They have more chance of having heart attacks compared to the non-smokers. The chemicals inside the cigarette smoke can damage the arteries. You should give up smoking.

All these factors pose a great risk to your heart. You should eat healthy food and maintain an active lifestyle to prevent cardiovascular diseases.

Infographic by: www.heart.org

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